Vocabulary #106

Here is this week’s vocabulary list.

draw² – (noun) 1. the act or process of drawing: as a :  a sucking pull on something held with the lips, b :  a removal of a handgun from its holster, c :  backward spin given to a ball by striking it below center; 2. something that is drawn: as a :  a card drawn to replace a discard in poker, b :  a lot or chance drawn at random, c :  the movable part of a drawbridge; 3. a contest left undecided or deadlocked :  tie; 4. one that draws attention or patronage :  attraction; 5a. the distance from the string to the back of a drawn bow, 5b. the force required to draw a bow fully; 6. a gully shallower than a ravine; 7. the deal in draw poker to improve the players’ hands after discarding; 8. a football play that simulates a pass play so a runner can go straight up the middle past the pass rushers; 9. a slight to moderate and usually intentional hook in golf.

elicit – (verb) 1.  to draw forth or bring out (something latent or potential); 2. to call forth or draw out (as information or a response).

grasp² – (noun) 1a. handle, 1b. embrace; 2. hold, control; 3a. the reach of the arms, 3b. the power of seizing and holding or attaining; 4. mental hold or comprehension especially when broad.

select² – (verb) to choose (as by fitness or excellence) from a number or group :  pick out.

suffer – (verb) 1a. to submit to or be forced to endure, 1b. to feel keenly :  labor under; 2. undergo, experience; 3. to put up with especially as inevitable or unavoidable; 4. to allow especially by reason of indifference; 5. to endure death, pain, or distress; 6. to sustain loss or damage; 7. to be subject to disability or handicap.

All definitions are from Merriam-Webster.com. To learn more about these words or about other words, visit this website.

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Cinahl

Here is a brief overview of the features of our Nursing/Medical database Cinahl.

When you go to the homepage, this is what you should see:

cinahl6

 

 

Once you log in, you are taken directly to the basic search page:

cinahl1

 

 

If you click on advanced search, this is what it looks like:

cinahl2Notice there are several ways you can alter the search on the left side directly from the search itself. This includes altering the date range and selecting only full text. Note, if you have not selected full text, the article will indicate whether it is available in html or in pdf format – or whether it is available at all.

Once you find an item that looks interesting, this is what it looks like:

cinahl5Don’t worry if the article isn’t immediately available. Check the left side for the PDF version. Note that there are options on the right for this page, including a citations button.

Finally, so far this has all been through the new search tab on the top. if you click publications, you will see a list of all the periodicals we get through this database, including what version it is in – if we have access to it at all:

cinahl3If you have any further questions about Cinahl, the librarian would be happy to assist you.

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Vocabulary #105

Here is this week’s vocabulary list.

comprehend – (verb) 1. to grasp the nature, significance, or meaning of; 2. to contain or hold within a total scope, significance, or amount; 3. to include by construction or implication.

delight² – (verb) 1. to take great pleasure; 2. to give keen enjoyment.

emit – (verb) 1a. to throw or give off or out (as light or heat), 1b. to send out :  eject; 2a. to issue with authority; especially :  to put (as money) into circulation; to give utterance or voice to.

reach² – (noun) 1. a continuous stretch or expanse; especially :  a straight portion of a stream or river; 2a. (1) :  the action or an act of reaching (2) :  an individual part of a progression or journey, 2b. (1) :  a reachable distance (2) :  ability to reach, 2c. an extent or range especially of knowledge or comprehension; 3. a bearing shaft or coupling pole; especially :  the rod joining the hind axle to the forward bolster of a wagon; 4. the tack sailed by a ship with the wind coming just forward of the beam or with the wind directly abeam or abaft the beam; 5. echelon, level —usually used in plural.

spread² – (noun) 1a. the act or process of spreading, 1b. extent of spreading; 2. something spread out: as a :  a surface area :  expanse, b (1) :  a ranch or homestead especially in the western United States (2) West :  a herd of animals, c (1) :  a prominent display in a periodical (2) :  two facing pages (as of a newspaper) usually with matter running across the fold; also :  the matter occupying these pages; 3. something spread on or over a surface: as a :  a food to be spread (as on bread or crackers), b :  a sumptuous meal :  feast, c :  a cloth cover for a table or bed; 4. distance between two points :  gap; 5. a commodities market transaction in which a participant hedges with simultaneous long and short options in different commodities or different delivery dates in the same commodity.

All definitions are from Merriam-Webster.com. To learn more about these words or about other words, visit this website.

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Lay v. Lie

These are a bit tricky, there is no easy way to remember lay vs. lie. You are probably going to have to memorize it:

Present Tense          Past Tense        Past Participle

lay                                laid                     laid

lie                                 lay                       lain                 

Let’s take a closer look at this. For lay, an object must be involved. For example, a police officer would tell a criminal to lay their gun down. For lie, you do not need an object. In this case you can say you lie down. Maybe you lie down on the couch or bed or on the grass, but you don’t have to put down any of those.

You will notice that lay is the past tense of lie. Lain is the past participle of lie.

Laid is the past tense and past participle of lay.

Good luck remembering lay vs. lie!

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Vocabulary #104

Here is this week’s vocabulary list.

captivate – (verb) to influence and dominate by some special charm, art, or trait and with an irresistible appeal.

congruous – (adjective) 1a.  being in agreement, harmony, or correspondence, 1b. conforming to the circumstances or requirements of a situation :  appropriate; 2. marked or enhanced by harmonious agreement among constituent elements.

feign – (verb) 1. pretend, dissemble; 2a. to give a false appearance of :  induce as a false impression, 2b. to assert as if true :  pretend.

fuse² – (noun) 1. an electrical safety device consisting of or including a wire or strip of fusible metal that melts and interrupts the circuit when the current exceeds a particular amperage; 2. a continuous train of a combustible substance enclosed in a cord or cable for setting off an explosive charge by transmitting fire to it.

rotate² – (verb) 1a. to perform an act, function, or operation in turn, 1b. to pass or alternate in a series; 2. to turn about an axis or a center :  revolve; especially :  to move in such a way that all particles follow circles with a common angular velocity about a common axis; 3a. to cause to turn or move about an axis or a center, 3b. to cause (a plane region or line) to sweep out a volume or surface by moving around an axis so that each of its points remains at a constant distance from the axis; 4. to cause to grow in rotation; 5. to cause to pass or act in a series :  alternate; 6. to exchange (individuals or units) with others.

All definitions are from Merriam-Webster.com. To learn more about these words or about other words, visit this website.

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Scientific Method

There are several steps to the scientific method.

First, ask a question. Why did this apple fall from the tree?

Second, do background research. Lots of things fall, not just apples from trees.

Third, create a hypothesis. There must be some sort of force that not only makes apples fall from trees, but that also keeps everything from falling off this planet.

Fourth, test this hypothesis with an experiment. Lets send some apples up in a space shuttle and try to get them to fall from the ceiling to the floor of the space shuttle. The apple just floats. There is a force that pulls things towards the Earth! Let’s call it gravity!

Fifth, analyze the results. Our hypothesis is correct. Let’s do more experiments with gravity! If a feather and a rock are pushed off the Empire State Building, do they reach the ground at the same time?

Last, share (which usually means publish) your results. Let’s share what we learned with the world!

Why is this important?

Because if you are reading scientific articles, often they will follow this exact same formula.

The article usually begins with a general question that has intrigued the author. The author will then go over what is already known. They will go over background information and do a literature review, discussing what related experiments have already been done. Then the author will present their hypothesis, which is both their main point and their guess as to how things work. At this point the author will usually describe their experiment in great detail, and then they will analyze the data they gathered. They will discuss how well the results of the experiment match their hypothesis. If there is a match they will often discuss possible future experiments that can expand on their findings. If their is not a match or their is a partial match they will discuss why that is and suggest a new hypothesis to consider.

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Vocabulary #103

Here is this week’s vocabulary list.

charm¹ – (noun) 1a. the chanting or reciting of a magic spell :  incantation, 1b. a practice or expression believed to have magic power; 2. something worn about the person to ward off evil or ensure good fortune :  amulet; 3a. a trait that fascinates, allures, or delights, 3b. a physical grace or attraction —used in plural, 3c. compelling attractiveness; 4. a small ornament worn on a bracelet or chain.

don¹ – (verb) 1. to put on (an article of clothing); 2. to wrap oneself in :  take on.

function² – (verb) 1. professional or official position :  occupation; 2. the action for which a person or thing is specially fitted or used or for which a thing exists :  purpose; 3. any of a group of related actions contributing to a larger action; especially :  the normal and specific contribution of a bodily part to the economy of a living organism; 4. an official or formal ceremony or social gathering; 5a. a mathematical correspondence that assigns exactly one element of one set to each element of the same or another set, 5b. a variable (as a quality, trait, or measurement) that depends on and varies with another, also :  result; 6. characteristic behavior of a chemical compound due to a particular reactive unit; also :  functional group; 7. a computer subroutine; specifically :  one that performs a calculation with variables provided by a program and supplies the program with a single result.

occupation – (noun) 1a. an activity in which one engages, 1b. the principal business of one’s life :  vocation; 2a. the possession, use, or settlement of land :  occupancy, 2b. the holding of an office or position; 3a. the act or process of taking possession of a place or area :  seizure, 3b. the holding and control of an area by a foreign military force, 3c. the military force occupying a country or the policies carried out by it.

rove² – (noun) an act or instance of wandering.

All definitions are from Merriam-Webster.com. To learn more about these words or about other words, visit this website.

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